Saturday, May 18, 2019

Socials 8: Answers to Friday 5, May 17

Block 3/4

1.  Two factors that contributed to the Renaissance.
-wealthy merchant class emerges who patronizes the arts
-more leisure time to spend on the arts and literature and studying
-invention of the printing press
-a shift in attitude towards humanism
-trade and lots of new ideas (stemming from Crusades)
-a shift back to ideas of ancient Rome/Greece for inspiration
-stability in government, no war
-a shift in world view, expanded

2.  What is a renaissance?  (define)
- a rebirth or restart
-with regard to time period it was a renewed interest in human effort and achievement

3.  Where did the Renaissance begin?
Italy

4.  Once shift/change from the time of the middle ages to the renaissance.
-less focus on religion
-more money in society
-banking
-more leisure time, led to patronizing the arts, studying, inventing etc...
-a renewed belief in the human spirit and human accomplishments.

5.  Choose:
a) define humanism
b) who was important during the renaissance?

Humanism:  a time when people were more concerned with the goals of human beings than with spiritual matters.

Humans and human achievement were important during the Renaissance
Medicis
Artists such as da Vinci, Michelangelo, Gentileshi
Writers such as Shakespeare

Block 7/8

1.  Two factors that contributed to the Renaissance.
-wealthy merchant class emerges who patronizes the arts
-more leisure time to spend on the arts and literature and studying
-invention of the printing press
-a shift in attitude towards humanism
-trade and lots of new ideas (stemming from Crusades)
-a shift back to ideas of ancient Rome/Greece for inspiration
-stability in government, no war
-a shift in world view, expanded

2.  Where did the Renaissance begin?
Italy

3.  Once shift/change from the time of the middle ages to the renaissance.
-less focus on religion
-more money in society
-banking
-more leisure time, led to patronizing the arts, studying, inventing etc...
-a renewed belief in the human spirit and human accomplishments.

4.  What is a renaissance?  (define)
- a rebirth or restart
-with regard to time period it was a renewed interest in human effort and achievement

5.  Choose:
a) define humanism
b) who was important during the renaissance?

Humanism:  a time when people were more concerned with the goals of human beings than with spiritual matters.

Humans and human achievement were important during the Renaissance
Medicis
Artists such as da Vinci, Michelangelo, Gentileshi
Writers such as Shakespeare


Tuesday, May 14, 2019

Socials 8: Answers to Friday 5, May 10

Blocks 3/4

Friday 5 Questions:
1. List two causes of the crusades.
-fear of other religions
-knights needed a purpose
-take back the holy land
-rally call from Pope to take back holy land and if you went to fight in a holy war this was a ticket to heaven
-demonstrate power of RC church
-way to get your sins forgiven
-Christians felt threatened by Muslims and felt their beliefs were contradictory to their own
-Europe was not that great a place to live at the time and people craved a better life
-Byzantine Emperor asked Pope for help

2. List two consequences of the crusades
-war
-polarized E & W based on religious differences
-destruction of Byzantine Empire
-Changing world view. Europeans have been exposed to more people, places and culture. Europeans have also experienced intense suffering and injustices as a result of the Monarchy and the Church.
-Death and destruction
-No long term territorial victory for European Christians
-Cultural exchange: advanced technology, art, science and ideas from Muslim world brought to Europe, which gave rise to the Renaissance era.
-Trade & commerce flourish, especially between Italy and the Middle East
-Distrust in the Church. Christianity shifts from a passive, peaceful religion to a violent one.
-Debate over whether church gained more or less power...
-King gains greater power and control. Many Nobles die and their lands are absorbed by the King. -Feudalism begins to crumble.

3. Briefly explain why knights became obsolete.
During the 100 years war, English used long bow which could pierce armour
Money became more important and so knights were not needed to exchange for land....breakdown of feudal pyramid

4. What was the Magna Carta and why did it come into being?
-a document outlining the role of the king and what he could and could not do
-King agreed to respect the rights of the people
examples:  no taxes without consent of parliament, no one could be arrested and jailed without proper trial
It cam into being because King John abused his power and position of King and the Barons rebelled.

5. One fact about the Black Plague.
-reached Italy from the East and then spread like wild fire
-estimated about 25 million people died of the plague about 60% of pop of Europe
-victims died within 3-7 days after appearance of bulbuses
-it spread via flees on rats and other wild rodents
-led to end of feudalism


-




Block 7/8

1.  Explain one cause that led to the development of Magna Carta, and one consequence of the document.

Causes:
English Barons angry about treatment from King John, including over taxation, unexplained violence, greed, and other actions that would otherwise be deemed illegal.
Citizens were unhappy about the control the Monarchy had over religious matters.
Nobles and commoners alike were angered over unlawful arrests and seizures made by King John.
Englishmen had little freedom of speech. Criticism of the King often resulted in violence or death.
King John was bound by no laws, and took advantage of this power and influence

Consequences:
The monarchy became subject to law just as all free citizens
Restrictions were put on how much the King could tax
The King could no longer arrest or punish without good reason
Overall, the King’s powers were restricted and new laws upheld the rights of the free people of England.
Today, most democratic legal systems are based on Magna Carta, including Canada’s.
Magna Carta pathed the way for legal equality.


2.  Explain why Joan of Arc was significant in her day, and why she is still historically significant today.

Then:
Joan led the French army to victories in battle, including freeing the city of Orleans,  which was a pivotal turning point in the war against the English.
Joan disrupted the accepted role of women for the time by engaging in warfare and taking on a leadership role.

Now:
Joan of Arc is still seen as a symbol for female accomplishments and women’s equality, as well as young people's equality. Joan was only 18 when she was killed, yet achieved more than most women or young people had previously been capable of due to the views and values of the time.

3.  Considering the consequences of the Crusades, the 100 years war and the Black plague, explain two reasons why the feudal system is collapsing in Europe.

The Crusades took many peasants from their Noble’s lands to fight in the Holy Land. The feudal system was depended on peasant farming, which was now less available.
Many knights, nobles and peasants died during both the Crusades and the 100 years war, leaving holes in the feudal system. Remember, the feudal system is dependant on each player completing a specific role.
The plague resulted in mass deaths, which meant there was limited manpower to work the nobles lands. Farming began to collapse and Nobles suffered from the lack of income.
The monarchy had less power due to Magna Carta, which meant that taxation was limited.
New trade routes enabled commoners and peasants to earn money through trade. This was an escape from serfdom for many and enabled some merchants to gain greater wealth than Nobles.
Trade brought money to European towns, which reduced people dependance on land and protection. Commoners are becoming more independent.
Guilds and tradesmanship arise as a result of increased trade. Guilds work to protect tradespeople and craftsmen from low wages and inequality.
Unjust and violent leadership (King John) results in peasant revolts agains Nobles and the Monarchy.

4.  What initiated the 100 years war?

The French King died without a male heir. Edwards III of England believed that he was the rightful heir, while Philip VI from France believed he should be king. The two countries went to war for the throne.

5.  Consider a historical perspective that would have explain the black plague during that time period.

The black plague is a punishment from god for human sins.
The only way to cure Europe from the plague is to kill all sinners and non-believers. (This led to the massacre of thousands of jewish people, and other innocents).
The black plague is transmitted through the aerial spirit of the dead.
The plague can be cured by burning spices and herbs, and bathing in vinegar.

Thursday, May 9, 2019

Social Studies 8: Review for Quest #3

Quest #3 Study Guide


Quest date:  Tuesday, May 14th
If these dates do not work for you please ensure you make a time to write prior to the date.  


Text book pages:  Chapter 2 pp. 54-68
                              Chapter 5 pp. 140-168
Major topics:
Royal Power & Democracy
Knights
The Crusades
100 Years War
Guilds & Trade
Erosion of Feudal Pyramid
Pilgrimages
Black Plague
Canterbury Tales
Cause & Consequence


Vocabulary:
Heresy                                Magna Carta union
Excommunicated                jousting   apprentice
Pilgrimage                           to “dub” journeyman
Treason                               tournament master craftsperson
World View                         Chivalry bubonic plague
Persecute                           obsolete lymph glands
Interdict                              Guild scapegoat


People:
Geoffrey Chaucer
Thomas Becket (Archbishop of Canterbury)
Pope Urban II
King John
Joan of Arc
Eleanor D’Aquitaine

Richard the Lionhearted


Big ideas and questions to consider:
-Understand the causes and consequences of the Crusades.  What you think is the most important cause and the most influential effect.
-Was religion the primary cause of the Crusades and religious wars?
-Were the Crusades more a positive or negative force?  Be able to backup your answer.
-Understand the reasons for the decline/erosion of the feudal system.
-Be able to communicate how the balance of power changed in Europe.
-What sorts of powers did the monarch have in Medieval times?  How were these kept in check?
-The historical significance of Joan of Arc, Eleanor, any other people, then and now.
-How did Joan of Arc help the French see themselves as a nation?
-Who had more influence and power in Europe during the Middle Ages: the state (i.e., monarchs) or
the church?
-Understand the power of the Roman Catholic Church/Pope and the role religion played in people’s lives.  What sorts of things did the church do to demonstrate its power.
-Identify how cultural exchanges occurred as a result of conflict. Recognize the consequences of these
cultural exchanges.
-How did world views change as a result of conflict, travel and trade?
-How has Magna Carta influenced society today?
-Explain the relationship of trade to the growth of towns.  Be able to apply continuity & change to trade,
towns and guilds and show your understanding of the political, social and economic ramifications.
-Purpose of guilds. How did guilds and money lead to further decline in the feudal system.
-How do you think the conditions of how people lived in the middle ages contributed to the spread of the
black plague.

Video Links:
Crusades:
General:

Saturday, April 13, 2019

Socials 8: Review Sheet for Quest #2

Socials 8:  Quest #2, Review Sheet


Quest date:  Block 3/4 Thursday April 18, Block 7/8 Wednesday April 17.  
If these dates do not work for you please ensure you make a time to write prior to the date.  


Major topics:  Religion, feudalism, Bayeux Tapestry (Battle of Hastings), the manor (basics, we will
learn on Monday/Tuesday)
Text book pages (in order of above topic):  p. 13-17, p. 44-47, p. 38-43 p. 47-48


Vocabulary:
Judaism   Norman
Islam     Cavalry          
Christianity Propaganda
Buddhism            Fief
Hinduism         Noble
persecute Vassal
Apostles             Lord
Koran Keep
Torah      Oath of allegiance          
martyr . Feudal contract
Convert               Demesne
missionary       Tenants in Chief
Anglo-Saxon Baron
Feudalism            Historical Fiction                                                       
Craftsmen Chivalry
Guilds        
Primary & secondary sources
Inferential, evaluative and literal questions
Historical perspective & Historical Significance


People:
Edward the Confessor
Harold Godwinson
William the Conqueror
Bishop Odo
Harald Hardrada (Viking king)
The Pope


Big ideas and questions to consider:
Religion:
What advantages/improvements arose out of Religion? What challenges?
How might religion inspire and motivate individuals and/or groups to be better or worse humans?
What do world religions have in common and in opposition? Why is this important?
Are the 5 main religions more similar or more different?  Explain.
How did worldviews, values and beliefs change after the emergence of Christianity in Europe?
Why did Christianity spread in Europe?  Think of the causes and the consequences.
Why do people have religion in their lives?

Battle of Hastings:
What social, cultural and political change occurred as a result of the battle of Hastings?
Explain how changing ideas about the world created tension between people wanting to adopt new
ideas and those wanting to preserve established traditions.
What factors contributed to the outcome of the Battle of Hastings? (Technology, strategies…)


Why is William the Conqueror historically significant? What influence did he have in England?
Did William the Conqueror create positive or negative change in Europe? Make an ethical judgement
supported by evidence.  
Be able to apply continuity & change and cause & consequence in Britain after the Battle of Hastings.
Is the Bayeux Tapestry a reliable primary source?  Explain, ensure to tackle the possible issues or
things to consider.


Feudalism:
Explain how feudalism was experienced differently by different groups of people.
What social, cultural and political change occurred in England as a result of feudalism?
Explain self-sufficiency in connection to fiefs/manors.
Compare and contrast the feudal economy with our modern Canadian economy.

Some video links:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m6dCxo7t_aE
TEDed on 5 main religions

https://ed.ted.com/lessons/how-the-normans-changed-the-history-of-europe-mark-robinson
TEDed on lead up to Battle of Hastings and after

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LtGoBZ4D4_E
animated Bayeux tapestry

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bGUVcMYC6oY
Medieval times video

Friday, April 12, 2019

Socials 8: Answers to Friday 5, April 12

Block 3/4 Friday 5 Answers:

1. Explain Historical Perspective and why it's important to history?
Historical Perspective means getting into someone else's shoes in the past and understanding the cultural, social and emotional settings that shaped peoples lives. People of the past act on different values and ideologies. Understanding this helps us to fully understand the time period of study and be able to make appropriate ethical judgements on the past.

2. What is the keep?
-large tower within the castle walls that could act as a place of refuge in battle. Nobles (like the Baron in RA) sometimes live in the keep and the basement is sometimes considered the dungeon.

3. Draw the feudal pyramid:


4. What is the purpose of a tapestry in a medieval building?
-to absorb sound and keep out the damp and cold

5. 3 adjectives to describe one part of the feudal pyramid. You could pick section that your character is from.
-Peasants: teadeous, back-breaking, hopeless
-Knights: hot, fighter, brave, chivalrous
-Nobles: luxurious, managerial, aristocracy
-King/Queen: rich, powerful, rulers


Block 7/8 Answers to Friday 5


1.Explain “historical fiction.”


Historical fiction is a literary genre that includes historically accurate details through an imaginative
narrative. In other words, historical fiction can include people, places and events from the past in a
creative and non-fictional way.
How does this genre enhance our understanding of the past?
Historical fiction enables readers to envision and connect to historical places, peoples and events,
which deepens our understanding of history. By connecting to individuals from the past, we can
annalyse people, places and events from a historical perspective rather than simply trying to understand
through a modern lens.


2. Describe 3 elements of a Fief or fiefdom.
-A fief is a parcel of land that a feudal King has granted to a vassal/noble in exchange for
military support and protection.
-A fief is owned by the King, but directly controlled by the vassal/knight, whom is known as the
tenant in chief” of the land.
-A fief generally included nobles, knights, craftsmans/tradespeople, and peasants.
-Together, the fief functioned a self-sustaining community.
-Having control of a fief (or any land) was a symbol of power and a sign of great wealth.
-A fief would generally include a church, and be surrounded by farms.
-Fiefs were generally guarded by structures, people and land features.


3. List three or more craftsmen/trades people from the middles ages in Europe.
Some examples… weavers, dyers, armorers, bookbinders, painters, masons, bakers, leatherworkers,
embroiderers, cobblers (shoemakers), and candlemakers.


4. Draw a connection between our modern world and medieval times in Europe.
-Workers are generally specialized and complete a single task. For example, we still have craftsmen
and trades people who are skilled with particular materials (carpenters, metalworkers…)
-The distribution of wealth is still very unequal.
-It’s still common for people today still take on careers and life paths according to what their parents or
ancestors have done.
-We have a government that provides services and protection in exchange for taxes. This reciprocal
relationship is comparable to the feudal system in some senses.
-Agricultural techniques we use today were invented during medieval times, such as compatible crops
sharing fields and crop rotations.
-We’ve adopted vocabulary and sayings from medieval times, such as “chivalry,” “sink or swim,”
and “baker’s dozen.”
-Groups of trades people would work together to protect their rights and ensure fair pay for their work.
These were known as guilds back then, but are similar to the unions we see today.


5. Why do you think we are studying the Middle Ages?
-To understand how life has both changed over time and stayed the same. (Continuity and change)
-To make note of significant people, places, and events that have created this change. (historical
significance)
-To learn from past errors and successes so that we can lead informed and constructive lives. (Ethical
judgement)
-To recognize that beliefs, values and world views are diverse and change overtime (Historical
perspective)
-To recognize that events, decisions and developments all have consequences, some being more
influential than others. (cause & consequence)
-To learn how to analyze and question evidence in the past in order to determine reliability and accuracy.

Socials 8: Block 7/8 notes

aI’ve compiled all of the information from your class posters for those of you who didn’t have a chance to make it around to each station today. These notes, along with your feudal pyramid diagram, personal research and friday five responses, will set you up nicely for the feudalism component of next week’s Quest.

Medieval Society: The Feudal Ranks
Monarchy/Church
Vassals/Nobles
  • The king or queen controlled feudal societies. They owned all the land, which they broke up and gave out, in exchange for military help. The parcels of land they gave out was called a fief.
  • King and Queens received ,military support and advising from their vassals in return for the land.
  • The King was largely influenced by the Church. The Church was viewed as the highest moral authority and therefore could override the monarch at times.
  • Monks and nuns were often the most educated within feudal societies, and therefore were a main source of information and ideas (whether accurate or not).
  • The individuals receiving parcels of land were called vassals. There were different levels of vassals with nobles (lords, barons, and counts) being the highest level.
  • Once vassals got land, they would also become a lord to the people working the land they received. The same person could be a vassal and a lord at the same time.
  • Vassals were required to serve a certain number of days in the Kings army, supply knights for battles, and provide advice and counsel to the King.

Knights
Commoners/Peasants

  • Knights were a lower status of vassal who fought for the lords.
  • Knights were selected and trained from a young age.
  • Knights were required to pledge allegiance to their Nobles and the King.
  • Knights were highly respected within Feudal societies.
  • The “Code of Chivalry” outlined the Knights role and duties within society.



  • Serfs and peasants were the people at the bottom of feudal society.
  • Some were farmers, while others were assigned a trade by the noble. For example, fiefs would generally have a blacksmith, tanner, and baker, among other trades.
  • Peasants and craftsmen provided all the food and services for the fief.
  • Serfs were connected to the land, which means they had very few freedoms to leave or move up within society.
  • Tradespeople and craftsmen were of slightly higher status than peasants.

Wednesday, April 10, 2019

Socials 8: Feudal Simulations continued!

Part 1:  Create Feudal Identity
- Complete your research on your feudal identity.
- Write up your paragraph from historical perspective of your character
- Create one pager that includes:
               a.  green screen photo
               b.  Name, rank & occupation
               c.  Family motto
               e.  Historical perspectives paragraph on your character

Part 2:  Family Crests
-grab sheet with two family crests and you will create two, one for your medieval identity and one for your present day self
-Your family crests should include:
              a.  symbol of your heritage
              b.  family motto or quote
              c.  animal that represents you
              d.  sport / hobby
-Be creative for both crests, ensuring that they represent both yourself and family and your medieval identity
*****On the back a brief explanation explaining the significance of each and why you chose what you did.

Part C:  Comparison Paragraph
-Who has it better you or your medieval self?
-You will compare your life to that of your medieval self.
-Your comparison writing must compare:
             a.  Housing, hygiene and living conditions
             b.  Diet (food)
             c.  Responsibilities / occupation / free time
Remember to also:
-Include the conventions and features of comparisons
-Be written in your word
-Have a bibliography in Chicago style (because we need to practice)