Monday, June 14, 2021

Little Explorer group assignment

Part 1:  form a group of 3

Part 2:  pick a topic from the list
-Navigation (two groups of 3)
-Boats & Ships of the day (two groups of 3)
-Graves (two groups of 3)

Part 3:  Get going on your assignment
The goal:  understand how changing technology aided exploration at the time.
The goal:  understand who was traveling where, when, why and how.

Please share your slides to kfindlay@sd19.bc.ca and kvonbremen@sd19.bc.ca.
You will get a presentation mark and a content mark.

Navigation:
-Create a few slides on changing navigational technology of the day (text book pages 250-251).  Include a slide on which piece of navigational technology was the most important at the time and that which is most historically significant...include your reasoning as to WHY...ie) back up your answer!  Present slides on Thursday to class.

Boats & Ships
-create a short powerpoint showing how boats changed to help make exploration easier.  Ensure you cover each style of ship and make a 1/2D model from paper if you can, with labels.  Include a slide on which boat/ship was the most important at the time and that which is most historically significant...include your reasoning as to WHY...ie) back up your answer!  Present slides to class on Thursday . (text book pages 247-249)

Graves:
Pick a few explorers and create grave stones or trading cards showing their claims to fame, who they explored for when & where they went, where they were from and what they found.  (maps are helpful).  Present your graves/trading cards to class on Thursday.   Ensure in your presentation that you tell us why your explorer was historically significant.
Dias 252
da Gama 252
Columbus 256
Magellan 259
Cortez 261
Drake 265

Monday, June 7, 2021

Socials 8 Final Review

 Vocab:  Be able to define and give an example.

Colonialism

Imperialism

Civilization

Feudalism

Republic

Persecute

Democracy

Heresy

Excommunicated

Treason

World View

Define and give an example of the three main types of questions:

Inferential:

Evaluative:

Literal:

Briefly explain the historical significance of the following people:

King John

Joan of Arc

Copernicus

Julius Caesar

Eleanor of Aquitaine

Johanne Guttenburg

Leonardo Da Vinci

William the Conqueror

Link to videos:

https://tc2.ca/en/creative-collaborative-critical-thinking/resources/thinking-about-history/



Answers to Friday 5: June 4th

 First Block:

1.  Define Renaissance:

-period after the Middle Ages from around 1300-1500

-A rebirth.

-There was an emergence of a new faith in human effort and achievement.

-A period of intense creativity in both art and science.

2.  Where did it start & why?

Italy

-had lots of inspiration from Ancient Rome & Greece

-Location - great point for trade (from Crusades onward were a trading hub), very central, food was easy etc..

3.  Two symptoms of the plague:

-swollen lymph nodes (buboes), dark splotches on skin, fever, hallucinations, vomiting blood

4.  Two consequences of the plague:

-death, sickness

-feudal pyramid crumbled

-serfs/peasants gained power because they were in demand and could charge wages

-peasant revolts

-towns and trade became places of power and citizens invested in their towns (church example)

-money became power not land

-many manors went bankrupt

-Guilds formed

poll tax

5.  Define scapegoat or persecute:

Scapegoat = a person wrongfully blamed sometimes leading to persecution.  EXAMPLE?

Persecute = to attack or harass someone for a specific reason.  Example:  race, religion, politics.


Block 2:

1.  Define Renaissance:

-period after the Middle Ages from around 1300-1500

-A rebirth.

-There was an emergence of a new faith in human effort and achievement.

-A period of intense creativity in both art and science.

2.  Where did it start?  

Italy

3.  Why did it start where it did?

-had lots of inspiration from Ancient Rome & Greece

-Location - great point for trade (from Crusades onward were a trading hub), very central, food was easy etc..

4.  One other fact about the Renaissance:

5.  One famous person from the Renaissance:
Michaelangelo, DaVinci, Copernicus, Galileo, Medici etc....



Tuesday, June 1, 2021

Answers to Friday 5: May 28

 1.  Two symptoms of the plague:

-swollen lymph nodes (buboes), dark splotches on skin, fever, hallucinations, vomiting blood

2.  Where did the plague come from and how did it spread?

-fleas on rats that were on board trading ships docking in Italy from the Black Sea (Middle East & Asia)

3.  Two consequences of the plague:

-death, sickness

-feudal pyramid crumbled

-serfs/peasants gained power because they were in demand and could charge wages

-peasant revolts

-towns and trade became places of power and citizens invested in their towns (church example)

-money became power not land

-many manors went bankrupt

-Guilds formed

poll tax

4.  Explain how the plague caused the feudal pyramid to crumble.

-with so many deaths, peasants/serfs gained power as they were in demand on the manors, they could charge wages and be picky.  They revolted to continue to keep power.  Leverage.  Manors went bankrupt, towns grew in importance.

5.  Define scapegoat or persecute.

Scapegoat = a person wrongfully blamed sometimes leading to persecution.  EXAMPLE?

Persecute = to attack or harass someone for a specific reason.  Example:  race, religion, politics.

Sunday, May 16, 2021

Answers to Friday 5: Friday March 14th

 1.  Who was Joan of Arc and why was she famous/important?

-Joan of Arc was a peasant girl who had a vision from God telling her to go to the Dauphin and ask for an army and armour to drive the English out of Orleans.  She was eventually captured and Charles (who she helped gain the throne) wouldn't pay her ransom so she was tried for heresy and witchcraft and burnt at the stake.  

2.  Why did knights start to become obsolete during the 100 years war?

English archers (ordinary citizens - not Nobles) with long bows, bows had so much force they could  pierce armour, making the mounted knight in armour less useful.

3.  What were the crusades and who was involved?

Crusades were a series of holy wars to try and control the holy land

Christian crusaders and Muslims were involved

4.  Provide two causes of the crusades:

-Faith: The Pope ensured the Christian people that fighting in the name of God would ensure their passage to Heaven. 

-Power & Control: Bishops, Nobles & Knights wanted to claim more land and wealth.

-The Pope wanted to defend Christian territory from feared Muslim Invasions.

-The Holy Land was seen as rightfully Christian and to be “reclaimed”

-Knights were causing troubles in Europe, and war was a means of keeping them occupied and productive

5.  Provide two consequences of the Crusades:

-Changing world view. Europeans have been exposed to more people, places and culture. Europeans have also experienced intense suffering and injustices as a result of the Monarchy and the Church.

-Death and destruction 

-No long term territorial victory for European Christians

-Cultural exchange: advanced technology, art, science and ideas from Muslim world brought to Europe, which gave rise to the Renaissance era.

-Trade & commerce flourish, especially between Italy and the Middle East

-Distrust in the Church. Christianity shifts from a passive, peaceful religion to a violent one.

-Debate over whether church gained more or less power...

-King gains greater power and control. Many Nobles die and their lands are absorbed by the King. Feudalism begins to crumble.



Wednesday, May 12, 2021

Review Sheet for Quest #3

Quest #3 Study Guide
Quest date:  Monday May 17th
Text book pages:  Chapter 2 pp. 38-68
                              Chapter 5 pp. 140-144
Major topics:
Bayeux Tapestry & Battle of Hastings
Feudal System
Manor System
Belief & Devotion
Medieval Law
Royal Power & Democracy
Knights
Pilgrimages
Canterbury Tales
Cause & Consequence
Continuity & Change
Evidence (Primary vs Secondary Sources)
100 years war


Vocabulary:
Heresy                                Magna Carta Lord
Excommunicated                jousting Feudal Contract   
Pilgrimage                           to “dub” propaganda
Treason                               tournament allegiance
World View                         Chivalry self-sufficient
Persecute                           Norman(dy) manorialism
Interdict                           Vassal  demesne
tithe. Trial by ordeal. Clergy


People:
William the Conqueror
Harold Godwinson
King Edward the Confessor
Geoffrey Chaucer
Thomas Becket (Archbishop of Canterbury)
Pope Urban II
King John
Eleanor D’Aquitaine
Richard the Lionhearted
Joan of Arc


Big ideas and questions to consider:

Crusades & Religion:
-Understand the causes and consequences of the Crusades.  
What you think is the most important cause and the most influential effect.
-Was religion the primary cause of the Crusades and religious wars?
-Were the Crusades more a positive or negative force?  Be able to backup your answer.
-Understand the power of the Roman Catholic Church/Pope and the role religion played in people’s lives.  
What sorts of things did the church do to demonstrate its power.

-Identify how cultural exchanges occurred as a result of conflict. Recognize the consequences of these
cultural exchanges.

-How did world views change as a result of conflict, travel and trade?
-How did world views, values and beliefs change after the emergence of Christianity in Europe?
-Why did Christianity spread in Europe?  Think of the causes and the consequences.
Kings/Queens & power!
-Understand the reasons for the decline/erosion of the feudal system.
-Be able to communicate how the balance of power changed in Europe.
-What sorts of powers did the monarch have in Medieval times?  How were these kept in check?
-Who had more influence and power in Europe during the Middle Ages: the state (i.e., monarchs) or
the church?
-How has Magna Carta influenced society today?
-Are Medieval Legal systems and Canadian legal systems more similar or more different?

Battle of Hastings:
What social, cultural and political change occurred as a result of the battle of Hastings?
Explain how changing ideas about the world created tension between people wanting to adopt new
ideas and those wanting to preserve established traditions.
What factors contributed to the outcome of the Battle of Hastings? (Technology, strategies…)

Why is William the Conqueror historically significant? What influence did he have in England?
Did William the Conqueror create positive or negative change in Europe? Make an ethical judgement
supported by evidence.  
Be able to apply continuity & change and cause & consequence in Britain after the Battle of Hastings.
Is the Bayeux Tapestry a reliable primary source?  Explain, ensure to tackle the possible issues or
things to consider.

Feudalism:
Explain how feudalism was experienced differently by different groups of people.
What social, cultural and political change occurred in England as a result of feudalism?
Explain self-sufficiency in connection to fiefs/manors.
Compare and contrast the feudal economy with our modern Canadian economy.

Growth of Towns & Trade:
-Explain the relationship of trade to the growth of towns.  Be able to apply continuity & change to trade, towns and guilds and show your understanding of the political, social and economic ramifications.

-Purpose of guilds. How did guilds and money lead to further decline in the feudal system. What is the historical significance of guilds?
-Be able to apply cause and consequence to towns and trade.

Some video links:
TEDed on lead up to Battle of Hastings and after

Animated Bayeux tapestry

Medieval times video:

Crusades:
General:

Sunday, May 2, 2021

Answers to Friday 5: April 30

 1.  What were the three main courts of the middle ages?

-manor court, church court, Royal Court

2.  Pick one of the courts and briefly explain what might happen there.

-manor - minor disputes and petty crime, villagers decide, steward acts like judge

-church - used for clergy/church officials

-Royal - major crimes like murder, treason

3.  Who was Thomas Becket?  And why was he important?

-Archbishop of Canterbury, he didn't follow Henry II's new rules about trying clergy in the Royal Crt and Henry II's knights killed him - people thought this was so wrong and Becket became a martyr making the Canterbury Cathedral a religious shrine

4.  Define Chivalry

-code of honour knights were to uphold including being brave, generous, truthful, protecting women and children and love and strengthen the church

5.  3 stages of becoming a knight

-Page age 7/8 live with knight, learn manors and riding and music

-Squire 14 - knights assistant, use of weapons and armour (polish etc)

-Knight 21 - if can afford armour, get knighted and fight in battles


Heraldry - family crest